Nursing Care Plans
touches thousands of people every day. Fortunately, if diagnosed
properly, it is a controllable illness. Bipolar nursing care
plans can focus on treatment of both the manic phase (a high period),
and the depression phase (a low period).
Bipolar disorder frequently begins in late adolescence, although it can
begin at any age. This illness is not gender-specific, meaning it
affects both males and females equally. Additionally, it is
noticed in all races, ethnic groups and social classes.
Furthermore, bipolar disorder displays a genetic link and
therefore oftentimes can be observed in family members.
|Common Goals of
Nursing Care Plans
- Reduce the severity of the illness;
- Reduce the likelihood of future episodes and relapses;
- Lesson the symptoms of both the depression and manic
- Provide assistance and support to patients and family.
|Common Bipolar Disorder
- Medications, which can include mood stabilizers,
(which can be utilized in combination with a mood stabilizer for
experiencing depressive episodes) and antipsychotics (which are used
primarily to deal with mania);
- Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT);
- Talk therapy, or psychotherapy. Talk therapy is
mental health professional about your situation including your
condition, your relationships with other individuals, and how you feel
yourself. This trained professional can help you learn how to
assess your thoughts and feelings;
Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder:
- Support groups and treatment facilities.
Bipolar disorder, which is also referred to as
manic depression, is often characterized by extreme swings in mood,
thoughts and behavior. In general, those with this illness
often go through periods of extreme highs and lows. Extreme highs are
periods of mania and extreme lows are called periods of depression.
Examples of symptoms of the “high" periods
- Aggressive behavior
- Higher levels of physical energy
- Utmost irritability
- A greater sense of self-worth and self-confidence
- The pace of speech become faster than normal
- Reckless behavior, which can relate to impaired
- Hallucinations and delusions
|Examples of symptoms of the “low” periods
- Dimished energy, enduring lethargy
- Prolonged sadness or unexplained crying fits
- Unneeded worrying
- Lessened appetite
- A sense of indifference
- Withdrawal from all social interactions or situations
- Ideas of death or suicide
|Bipolar I and
II - What
Are The Differences?
The nature and severity and patterns of symptoms of the highs and lows
the different types of bipolar disorder.
Bipolar I Disorder
This disorder is characterized by one or more high (manic) episodes or
mixed episodes (symptoms of both a mania (high) and a depression (low)
going on virtually every day for at least 1 week) and one or more major
|Bipolar I disorder is the
most severe form of the
illness marked by extreme manic periods.
Bipolar II Disorder
This illness is characterized by one or more depressive (low) episode
accompanied by at least one hypomanic episode.
Hypomanic episodes have
symptoms similar to manic episodes but are less severe, but must be
clearly in contrast from an individual's non-depressed mood.
It is crucial to note that for some people, hypomanic episodes
are not severe enough to induce notable problems in social activities
Disorder in Children
Symptoms of bipolar disorder may be difficult to recognize in children,
as they can be mistaken for emotions and behaviors frequently detected
children and adolescents. Symptoms of mania and depression might appear
in a variety of behaviors.
When experiencing low episodes, there may be such symptoms as
stomach aches, reduced performance in school, poor communication,
extreme sensitivity to rejection or failure and feeling lethargic.
Likewise, when experiencing high episodes, children are more likely to
be irritable and prone to destructive patterns. Not like adults,
they may not feel elated or euphoric.
Please know that you cannot diagnose yourself - only a properly trained
health practionaire can stipulate if you have bipolar disorder.
Therefore, all symptoms should be addressed with your health care
Bipolar disorder is a lifelong medical condition that can be managed
effectively to allow a person affected by this illness to live a long,
happy and prolonged life.